This is a beautiful slop bowl made by a Staffordshire factory some time between 1825 and 1830. The pattern is number 309 and is exactly the same as a Hilditch pattern, but not the right number so it must be from a different factory that did the same pattern.
In the early 19th Century there were at some point about 300 potteries in Staffordshire, which at the time was a major centre of porcelain industry in the world. This item is probably from one of the many excellent but completely forgotten factories who made use of capable decorators who would often move from factory to factory in search of work.
This bowl would have been part of a large tea service. In the early 19th Century people didn't have tea strainers so they would need to throw out the tea leaves from their cup before getting a refill - this is what the slop bowl was for.
The bowl has a nice fluted rim and beautifully hand painted flowers, painted by a very accomplished painter.
The bowl is unmarked but carries the pattern number 309.
CONDITION REPORT The is in very good antique condition but it has some crazing in the bottom, although it still rings nicely when tapped. You can see a fine hair crack in the glazing in the last picture, but this doesn't go through the porcelain. There is some light wear on the flower in the bottom, as visible in the pictures. There is no damage or repair.
Antique British porcelain is never perfect. Kilns were fired on coal in the 1800s, and this meant that china from that period can have some firing specks from flying particles. British makers were also known for their experimentation, and sometimes this resulted in technically imperfect results. Due to the shrinkage in the kiln, items can have small firing lines or develop crazing over time, which should not be seen as damage but as an imperfection of the maker's recipes, probably unknown at the time of making. Items have often been used for many years and can have normal signs of wear, and gilt can have signs of slight disintegration even if never handled. I will reflect any damage, repairs, obvious stress marks, crazing or heavy wear in the item description but some minor scratches, nicks, stains and gilt disintegration can be normal for vintage items and need to be taken into account.
There is widespread confusion on the internet about the difference between chips and nicks, or hairlines and cracks. I will reflect any damage as truthfully as I can, i.e. a nick is a tiny bit of damage smaller than 1mm and a chip is something you can easily see with the eye; a glazing line is a break in the glazing only; hairline is extremely tight and/or superficial and not picked up by the finger; and a crack is obvious both to the eye and the finger. Etcetera - I try to be as accurate as I can and please feel free to ask questions or request more detailed pictures!
DIMENSIONS 16.5cm (6.5") diameter, 8cm (3.2") high.
Staffordshire slop bowl, white with flowers, 1825-1830
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